Morbid obesity is a chronic, life threatening, mutifactoral disease with symptoms that build slowly over an extended period of time. The underlying causes of morbid obesity are not entirely understood. Many factors contribute to the development of morbid obesity, including certain biological markers, metabolic and behavioral eating disorders, and environmental influences.
Morbid obesity affects the function and performance of multiple body systems leading to serious health illnesses, lower quality of life, fewer economic and social opportunities, and a shorter life span.
Many health conditions are related to morbid obesity, but some of the more common are:
Other health conditions related to morbid obesity include:
Criteria for Weight Loss Surgery
Weight loss surgery is a serious undertaking, and should be considered a last-resort effort for an individual who must lose weight to alleviate debilitating chronic disease.
The decision to consider weight loss surgery for morbid obesity is both complex and intensely personal.
Many factors must be considered in determining who may be a candidate for surgery. Following the National Institutes of Health (NIH) guidelines for weight loss surgery, candidate selection criteria include:
An appropriate candidate must also:
Weight loss surgery may not be appropriate for candidates with:
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