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Epilepsy and Seizures

general information regarding epilepsy and seizures

Did You Know?

  • Epilepsy is a common neurological condition
  • One in 26 people will be diagnosed with epilepsy at some point in their lives
  • Epilepsy affects almost 3 million in the U.S. and 65 million individual worldwide
  • 150,000 new cases of epilepsy are diagnosed in the United States every year

What Is A Seizure? What Is Epilepsy?

  • Normally, the brain cells communicate with one another through electrical activity
  • During a Seizure there is abnormal electrical activity causing irregularities in communication between brain cells, which begin to “fire” synchronously
  • This abnormal “firing” can result in abnormal body movements, sensations, or behaviors
  • Epilepsy or Seizure Disorder is a condition characterized by a tendency to have repeated seizures from various causes

What Causes Seizures?

  • There are many reasons why someone can have seizures
  • Seizures can occur from any insult to the brain
  • Some of the causes are:
    • Previous stroke
    • Head trauma
    • Brain tumor
    • Brain infections
    • Very high or very low blood sugar
    • Genetic tendencies

Your doctor will explain the cause of your seizures in detail

Are There Different Kinds Of Seizures?

  • The clinical manifestations of seizures depend on where they arise in the brain
  • Seizures can cause unusual sensations of strange smell, visual hallucinations, and brief episodes of staring into space and fidgeting, as well as convulsions
  • Based on the type of seizure, patients can be awake or unresponsive during the episodes
  • Your doctor will explain all the details about your seizures

Can Other Conditions Look Like Seizures?

  • There are many conditions that can be mistaken for seizures and a thorough evaluation will help establish the true diagnosis
  • Some of the conditions that mimic seizures are:
    • Syncope or fainting
    • Migraine
    • Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA) or ‘mini-stroke’

Who Makes The Diagnosis?

  • A Neurologist will be involved in your care
  • An Epileptologist is a Neurologist who specializes in the treatment of epilepsy
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