Epilepsy and Seizures
general information regarding epilepsy and seizures
Did You Know?
- Epilepsy is a common neurological condition
- One in 26 people will be diagnosed with epilepsy at some point in their lives
- Epilepsy affects almost 3 million in the U.S. and 65 million individual worldwide
- 150,000 new cases of epilepsy are diagnosed in the United States every year
What Is A Seizure? What Is Epilepsy?
- Normally, the brain cells communicate with one another through electrical activity
- During a Seizure there is abnormal electrical activity causing irregularities in communication between brain cells, which begin to “fire” synchronously
- This abnormal “firing” can result in abnormal body movements, sensations, or behaviors
- Epilepsy or Seizure Disorder is a condition characterized by a tendency to have repeated seizures from various causes
What Causes Seizures?
- There are many reasons why someone can have seizures
- Seizures can occur from any insult to the brain
Some of the causes are:
- Previous stroke
- Head trauma
- Brain tumor
- Brain infections
- Very high or very low blood sugar
- Genetic tendencies
Your doctor will explain the cause of your seizures in detail
Are There Different Kinds Of Seizures?
- The clinical manifestations of seizures depend on where they arise in the brain
- Seizures can cause unusual sensations of strange smell, visual hallucinations, and brief episodes of staring into space and fidgeting, as well as convulsions
- Based on the type of seizure, patients can be awake or unresponsive during the episodes
- Your doctor will explain all the details about your seizures
Can Other Conditions Look Like Seizures?
- There are many conditions that can be mistaken for seizures and a thorough evaluation will help establish the true diagnosis
Some of the conditions that mimic seizures are:
- Syncope or fainting
- Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA) or ‘mini-stroke’
Who Makes The Diagnosis?
- A Neurologist will be involved in your care
- An Epileptologist is a Neurologist who specializes in the treatment of epilepsy